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Strep Throat: Contagious, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Strep Throat Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Contagious and Treatment
Strep Throat Health Article

Among several other bacteria, a bacteria called Streptococcus pyogenes plays a significant role in causing strep throat disease.  In this disease, the human throat gets infected by the said bacteria.

In simple words, strep throat can be described as an infection of the human throat in which the pharynx (pharyngitis), and/or tonsils (tonsillitis) in the throat get affected by inflammation caused by Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria that is one among several types of streptococcus bacteria.

Several sore throats are mostly caused by different viruses but strep throat is particularly linked to the Sreptococcus pyogenes virus and the treatment of strep throat disease has been observed with the use of antibiotics.

Strep throat infections are mostly seen as being highly contagious by spreading from one patient to another patient by means of coughing, sneezing, and talking.  

Strep throat has been found extra contagious during its incubation period which is almost two to five days after infection and earlier to appear its symptoms and it keeps itself contagious until its all symptoms are resolved.

Mostly school-age children get infected by strep throat, In strep throat conditions a bacterial infection in the tonsils and throat is formed which causes a scratchy or sore throat, and also can make some white patches on the human tonsils.

A positive decline in the risk of transmission of this disease can be seen if some steps are taken as precautionary measures such as frequently disinfecting the surfaces which are most commonly being used by the people, and to encourage them of adopting a habit of hand hygiene.

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What Does Strep Throat Commonly  Look Like?

The most common findings of strep throat include swelling, redness, and white patches.

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What Are The Symptoms Of Strep Throat?

In addition to a sore throat, someone with strep may experience a fever, chills, headaches, painful swallowing, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, muscle aches and pains, sore, enlarged lymph nodes and rash, red throat, and tonsils, feeling tired, loss of appetite and in the neck ("glands") tender lymph nodes.

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How Is Strep Throat Usually Diagnosed?

Usually, doctors examine the patient's throat ask him about relevant symptoms of the disease, and grab some fluid from the infected throat as a sample for lab tests to know whether the reason for the sore throat is bacterial or it is a viral infection.

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How Long Does Strep Throat Last?

Typically strep throat ends within three to five days in case if untreated at all. Despite its short duration, treatment with antibiotics is advised to decrease the risk of complications. Symptoms gradually reduce within one to three days after the start of using antibiotics.

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How Does Strep Throat Spread?

Strep throat is usually transmitted via droplets of micro airborne droplets after a sneeze or cough or from some surfaces that are contaminated with such droplets generated by strep throat patients.

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How To Treat Strep Throat?

Medication such as acetaminophen and Ibuprofen can be taken for fever and discomfort caused by strep throat. Patients should keep him/herself hydrated, and take rest as well as manage to take relatively soft meals for comfort.

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What Are The Complications Linked To Strep Throat?

It has been observed most of the time strep throat ends up without creating any complications.  However, some complications caused by strep throat can include abscesses in the tissue surrounding the human throat, bloodstream bacterial infections, ear infections, and sinus infections.

Some more complications following the primary strep throat infection include kidney issues and psychiatric disorders, acute rheumatic fever.

What Are The Home Remedies To Treat Strep Throat?

Besides taking a soft meal to prevent irritating the throat, Strep throat patients may find the below-mentioned things soothing:

  • Warm or cold beverages (honey should be avoided to give to children who are less than 1 year old)
  • Frozen or cold desserts like sucking on ice, popsicles, sucking hard candies (should be avoided by children who are under five years old)
  • Gargling with warm salt water.

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